Constantine III Leichoudes

   Imperial counselor, patriarch of Constantinople (qq.v.) from 1059-1063. He directed state affairs as the chief administrator (mesazon [q.v.]) for Constantine IX (q.v.), aided by a small circle of brilliant friends who included John Mauropous, Michael Psellos, and John Xiphilinus (qq.v.). In 1059 Isaac I Komnenos (q.v.) made him patriarch, a move that failed to gain Isaac the control over the church that he desired, in part due to the enduring hostility of those who adored the previous patriarch Michael I Kieroularios (q.v.). As patriarch, Leichoudes's chief policy was a failed attempt to force the Syrian and Armenian Monophysites (q.v.) into communion with Constantinople.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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